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rectal bleeding, haemorrhoids, colonoscopy, endoscopy, HALO, THD, gallstones, cholecystectomy, hernia repair, bowel diseases, diarrhoea, constipation, laparoscopy, keyhole surgery


Haemorrhoids or Piles are one of the commonest and treatable causes of rectal bleeding.


What are Haemorrhoids?

Piles or haemorrhoids arise from a mix of small arteries (arterioles) and veins (venules) that become engorged, prominent or prolapse and cause bleeding. They are not necessarily the same as skin tags that may be found externally around the anus, although both conditions may coexist.

How may I suspect that I might have haemorrhoids?

Bright red rectal bleeding could be a tell-tale sign, but does not 100 percent mean that you have haemorrhoids. Several other causes of rectal bleeding may exist, and excluding alternative causes by consultation with a specialist colorectal surgeon is the main way to be certain.

What is the Specialist likely to do?

The Specialist will take your history and examine you.
He may perform Sigmoidoscopy and Proctoscopy (painless and brief endoscopic examination of the back passage).
The Specialist may offer you outpatient treatment, further investigations such as endoscopy, non-operative treatment or haemorrhoidal surgery.

What types of treatments are available for Haemorrhoids?

Non-operative treatment- Dietary modification, Injection Sclerotherapy, Band Ligation or Radiofrequency Ablation
Haemorrhoidectomy - Open or Closed Haemorrhoidectomy, Transanal Haemorrhoidal Dearterialisation (THD) or Haemorrhoidal Artery Ligation Operation (HALO).

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